Social determinants of health, such as income, education, and culture are influenced by systemic inequities and discrimination faced by minority communities. For instance, people from certain racial and ethnic backgrounds are more likely to hold essential jobs with increased exposure to the public. Decreased access to quality education can lead to fewer work options and poverty which may force people to go to work even in high risk situations. In addition, racial and ethnic minority groups are also more likely to live in crowded homes, leading to increased potential viral transmission. Many of these social determinants of health are also associated with higher rates of other illnesses that increase the chance of severe COVID-19 symptoms. Though these groups may be at higher risk of developing COVID-19, it is not directly due to their race or ethnicity, but rather the inequitable societal implications of these factors.

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